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10 Interesting Facts about Star Constellations

Think you know the constellations? Think again!

You may already know that the 88 constellations we use today were only established in 1922 by the International Astronomical Union, but what you may not know is that some of these constellations have histories dating back to 3000 BC and even earlier. In fact, some cave paintings in Europe that date back about 10,000 years clearly depicts patterns of stars that are recognizable even today. Here are some more facts about the constellations that you may find interesting, astonishing, or worth knowing.

Most constellations are very old

Although the Greek astronomer Ptolemy is credited with cataloguing 48 constellations early in the 2nd century, many of these constellations were “borrowed” from depictions of complete constellations scratched into stone and clay tablets by the ancient Babylonians about 3 000 years ago. Available archaeological evidence suggests that the Babylonians created their constellations in a relatively short period, from about 1 300 BC to around 1 000 BC.

Most constellations consist of unrelated stars

While 87 of the 88 constellations consist of stars that are physically unrelated, Ursa Major is a notable exception to this rule. Most of the stars in this constellation belong to the Ursa Major Moving Group, a relatively large group of stars that share a common origin, velocity, and motion across the sky.

There are actually 89 constellations

While most sources state that there are 88 constellations, there are in fact 89, because Serpens is split into two distinct parts- Serpens Caput (the head of the snake), and Serpens Cauda (the snake’s tail) to the west and east of Ophiuchus respectively.

There are 13 zodiacal constellations

Although only 12 zodiacal constellations are recognized, the constellation Ophiuchus, which according to some sources should be the 13th, also lies partially on the ecliptic, but the Sun spends only 13 days crossing it. This is significantly longer than the Sun spends in some other astrological signs, but to get out of this conundrum, some astrologers claim that astrology is not based on twelve astrological signs or constellations, but the four seasons instead. Thus, 12 signs divided by 4 seasons gives a neat answer, and no pesky 13th sign to account for.

Ophiuchus is a violent constellation

Image credit: NRAO/AUI and Yurii Pidopryhora, NRAO & Ohio University

The image above shows the combined effects of about 100 supernova explosions on the gas and dust within the constellation. This bubble of gas blown high above the plane of the Milky Way galaxy is one of the largest known but being about 30 million years old, its walls are now starting to collapse, causing the vast amount of dust in the bubble to fall back into the Milky Way galaxy. Note that this image is greatly enhanced with false color to make the structure visible in optical light.

Some “constellations” consist of dust clouds

The Great Rift is a series of gas and dust clouds within the Milky Way that is best seen from the southern hemisphere, and which form the basis of “constellations” to some cultures. For instance, some Aboriginal peoples from Australia see an emu in the shape of parts of the Great Rift. Look at the image below and see if you would have recognized an emu if it were not for the line drawing.

Image credit: Museum of Victoria, Scienceworks

The Sun does not belong to any constellation

Because the 88 constellations are contiguous and therefore cover the entire celestial sphere, every visible object in the Universe can be placed within a constellation, with the exception of the Sun, which has not been assigned a “home” constellation.

The constellations live in families

The 88 modern constellations are divided into 8 distinct families, with each family sharing some common characteristic such as proximity to each other in the sky, shared historical origin, or mythological theme. Below are the families and the constellations that belong to them.

  1. The Ursa Major Family
    Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Draco, Canes Venatici, Boötes, Coma Berenices, Camelopardalis, Lynx, Leo Minor, Corona Borealis.
  2. The Zodiac
    Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Capricornus, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer.
  3. The Perseus Family
    Perseus, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Andromeda, Pegasus, Cetus, Auriga, Lacerta, Triangulum.
  4. The Hercules Family
    Hercules, Sagitta, Aquila, Lyra, Cygnus, Vulpecula, Hydra, Sextans, Crater, Corvus, Ophiuchus, Serpens, Scutum, Centaurus, Lupus, Corona Australis, Ara, Triangulum Australe, Crux.
  5. The Orion Family
    Orion, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Monoceros, Lepus.
  6. The Heavenly Waters
    Delphinus, Equuleus, Eridanus, Pisces Austrinus, Carina, Puppis, Vela, Pyxis, Columba.
  7. The Bayer Group (Constellations named by Johann Bayer)
    Hydrus, Dorado, Volans, Apus, Pavo, Grus, Phoenix, Tucana, Indus, Chamaeleon, Musca.
  8. The Lacaille Family (Constellations named by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille)
    Norma, Circinus, Telescopium, Microscopium, Sculptor, Fornax, Caelum, Horologium, Octans, Mensa Reticulum, Pictor Antlia.

The constellations are not fixed

Since all stars possess proper motion, meaning that they move across the sky as seen from earth, the shapes of the constellations are constantly changing, albeit very slowly. In one case in 1992, the constellation Aquila lost the star Rho Aquilae as it moved across the border from its own constellation into the neighbouring constellation Delphinus.

Sagittarius contains the centre of the Milky Way Galaxy

In 1954, investigators from Australia used a purpose-built radio telescope to search for the exact centre of the galaxy. Their investigations turned up an extremely energetic point radio source in the constellation Sagittarius (later dubbed Sagittarius A) which upon closer examination turned out to be the rotational centre of the galaxy.

Nowadays, you can observe a large part of the constellations by using an over-the-counter telescope or even a good pair of binoculars – there’s some great value kit available out there from brands such as Skywatcher Telescopes who have a range of budget and entry level telescopes and binoculars at affordable prices. So if you fancy taking a look at the constellations above yourself, whether you’re a seasoned stargazing pro or a novice telescope user, there’s always something to see and find up there!

The Rapid Shift Of Content – Viewed From A Digital Design Agency

Today, digital design is not the same to what it was a decade back. As the concept of the design shifted, the profile and portfolio of a typical modern digital design agency in Kent has been changed – fortunately, for the better.

Nowadays, the content we put on our sites is significantly more important than we all may understand. With advanced algorithms, SEO tools and many other filters, every business have to adopt a digital agency in Kent – kind of style in order to make their content ranked as best for a particular keyword.

Basically, content is everything – and you need to ensure that you use it to make a site that is educational, engaging and valuable to your visitors.

Representing both truth and prosperity, the content meant for your site must be according to the latest digital design rules for Kent – obviously, if this city is your local SEO target. But apart from SEO, what are the key things that your content needs to give, besides truth and prosperity? Just as every big digital design agency in Kent would consult you, your content needs to be:

  • SEO-accommodating. Ensure that you utilise keyword phrases that web users are actively searching for and get them on your site to rank it better in the search indexes. Simply recall to take after principles for watchword use and thickness with the goal that you don’t try too hard. It’s ideal to have a catchphrase about on more than one occasion for each 100 words than to stuff it in as much as you can.
  • Brief. Individuals are searching for quick, bite-sized data. On the off chance that your content is not to-the-point and simple to digest, your visitor audience isn’t going to stick around long. Ensure that you get the realities out, express what is on your mind, and be finished with it.
  • Informative. Individuals need to realize what you bring to the table or why they are at your site. Furnish them with the greater part of the actualities and data that they have to think about your business. Allow them to find out about your business, what you do, and how it can advantage them. This is the thing that individuals need to know.
  • In case you’re not equipped for delivering straightforward, spotless, connecting with content all alone, you ought to contract somebody to take every necessary step. You content needs to stand out enough to be noticed and give them motivation to put resources into your business, regardless of what you are offering.
  • The exact opposite thing that individuals need online is to visit a site where they have an inclination that they’re being talked down to. Along these lines, you need to ensure that your content is benevolent and basic, not excessively expert and ‘superior to anything thou’ in its tone and style.

Content is king in the web world, just as long as it is great content! That is why your site is not going to have the capacity to succeed without it. Just as any digital agency in Canterbury will consult you at a certain price, we have shared the principles of what defines stellar content by todays benchmarks.

Watch Sky TV in Portugal: Adventures on Your Wide Screen TV

There would be times that you are left with no choice, but stay at home and just watch the TV whole day because the weather is lousy, you’ve nothing else to do and you are not in the mood to go outside and have fun. Actually, you can still have all the fun you wanted as you scan through the channels in your Sky TV subscription and browse online, still viewing everything on your widescreen.

Yes, it is now possible that aside from your Sky TV subscription, you can watch online streaming of your favorite movies and live sporting events with the purchase of the highly rated and award-winning Blade IPTV set top box. This can actually be used as an alternative to expensive satellite receiving equipment, and at the same time use it to connect to your broadband internet.

This Blade IPTV set top box can offer you more great deals like being used as a media player, too. Therefore, with your external memory drive, you can connect it to your device and your television to watch everything on the big screen.

With more features the Blade IPTV set top box can give to all buyers, many people in Portugal have already purchased their own and are now enjoying all the benefits. It has a PVR feature that can make it possible to save your favorite TV shows and replay it when you can afford already to spend your time just watching TV. This feature is suitable for the busy individuals who always miss watching the episodes of their favorite TV shows.

For men and even women who are sports enthusiasts, live sporting events can be viewed at your most convenient time also. You may also do online streaming, given that you have the fastest Internet connection.

During long holiday seasons, it would be very boring if you can’t think of anything to do in your house with your family, but if you watch Sky TV in Portugal, with the Blade IPTV set top box, then your boring world, would surely be filled with so much adventure and entertainment. As you click your remote, you are also taking yourself anywhere else. As you also use the web to connect, then you are also making an exciting tour in the virtual world. The good thing is that you can take your family and friends with you in this awesome TV experience.

With this entertainment package, there will never be dull moments because you can travel to different places, enjoy the outdoor experience, taste different cuisines from different countries all over the world, listen to online radio stations, even if you are just sitting on your couch watching TV. Get your Blade IPTV set top box now to add more fun to your television experience. Kill the boredom and watch Sky TV in Portugal.

IPTV Box UK: Watch Interactive British TV Channels

Today, IPTV has certainly changed the way of TV viewing all over the world. Do you remember those days when you had a limited number of channels to watch and that you were never able to watch your favorite TV channels that were broadcasted abroad? IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) has enabled users to get interactive with TV viewing and get away from the traditional way of television viewing.

Today, in this modern age of technology, things are changing fast and more people are now enjoying TV on the go on their mobile phones and tablets. This is thanks to the IPTV that has brought TV closer to the viewers through synchronization of broadband and satellite communication services.

Basically IPTV works over your broadband network through a set-top box. One can easily connect the IPTV set top box with the high bandwidth broadband connection and immediately start watching all international television channels. It depends on the individual how much he or she wants to pay to subscribe for an array of international channels from UK, US, Australia, and Asia. One only needs to have a good internet connection, and an IPTV set top box and just start watching all his favorite TV shows anywhere.

What is the EPG feature in IPTV?

EPG is one of the latest additions in the broad list of features of the IPTV Box UK. The Electronic Program Guide, which is commonly referred as the EPG, is an integrated channel feature that enables users to browse, view and select the content of their choice on-the-fly. Just like users browse a website, they can browse EPG with an easy navigation system. Viewers will be able to watch the past two week programme schedules and the upcoming week’s programme schedules. Not only this, they can even view the upcoming TV shows in advance and watch the past TV shows that they might have missed watching.

All this has been made possible with the interactive feature on EPG. This feature also allows the user to customize the EPG with his or her own preferences. They can set their favorite content and select keywords for watching their favorite content, which means when searching for any programme they don’t need to spend ages looking around the EPG menu. In fact they can directly switch to their favorite shows.

These users can interact with EPG through the use of the MAG 250 infrared remote control, which comes shipped as standard along with the box. They can use the EPG feature to listen to their favorite music anytime or to hear their favorite radio station.

Watch BBC iPlayer Abroad: Access your favorite UK shows anywhere

The BBC iPlayer has come up like a divine help to all the people who were not able to watch UK TV shows abroad. There are many people all over the world searching for an answer to the question – ‘How to watch UK shows abroad?’ Now, the answer to this question is very simple. You can watch all your UK based shows with BBC iPlayer.

BBC iPlayer is a virtual network that connects an end user i.e. the viewer to the server that provides seamless connectivity to the users despite of their geographical location.

Now, most of you might be thinking why you cannot watch UK shows outside the UK? For your information all the British broadcasters are bound with an agreement of not sharing the content with the other international broadcasters. This agreement is abided with the license fee paid by the British broadcasters to the broadcasting association.

In essence, a VPN is simply like digging a hole in a tunnel. VPN allows users to connect with the UK servers through a closed and very trusted network channel without violating this agreement. All the time you are watching the UK shows abroad through a trusted VPN, like BBC iPlayer you are following the law.

VPN is allowed to stream many UK bound websites from different locations, keeping in mind the requirements of the businessmen and employees traveling outside the UK for work. This allows them to access various websites for business which they cannot use outside the UK for various security reasons. BBC iPlayer is one of those official websites that allows live UK streaming outside the UK.

By downloading the iPlayer app on your mobile phone or by visiting their website, you can immediately start accessing UK shows. However, before accessing the content you need to sign up first. To have a subscription you would need to pay the annual subscription fee. If you think access to watch BBC iPlayer abroad is too expensive, than you may also look for other cheap VPNs other than the iPlayer.

However, whether you select iPlayer or any other VPN, first of all check their broadcasting and streaming bandwidths. Most of the VPNs do not support live video streaming from their accounts. That means you many watch other programmes, but you might need to give up your favorite shows because of the video streaming restrictions.

Keeping in mind the following facts, select your VPN provider smartly and enjoy watching UK shows abroad.

Protein Drinks: All You Need to Know

For a very long time, protein shakes were only ever associated with body builders but not anymore. A simple inclusion of whey protein into a regular person’s diet is possibly enough to improve the quality of his/her life. It is a common knowledge that protein is one of the body’s main building blocks of nutrients that is fundamental for the development of muscle, bone, skin and other tissues. Drinking protein shakes is just the prospective way of receiving health benefits and reducing excess weight.

Why are protein shakes good for you?

Have you ever wondered why most of the body builders indulge in a protein meal replacement shake? They help in developing lean body muscle, burn fat, promotes the production of hormones and other immune system components. Sufficient amounts of protein is necessary to produce biochemical substances like cardiovascular function, muscle contraction, growth and healing.

Without adequate protein, your body cannot make up every cell, tissue and organ that structures the body. Drinking the right shake helps to get you pumped, prepared and helps to push yourself little harder.

Benefits of Whey Protein Shakes

Among all kinds of protein drinks, whey protein is the most favoured supplement for those who are seeking weight loss or those who want to build lean muscles. Whey protein is a liquid by product of cheese production that is used as dietary supplements in protein powders and shakes. Whey protein has all the essential amino acids and is the finest alternative for those of you who are lactose intolerant. Besides just being a substitute to milk, whey protein has lots of therapeutic properties that could help treat and reduce the risk of many diseases. Whey protein is said to have anti- inflammatory and anti cancer properties and it also serves as an effective supplementary treatment for diabetes and heart risks. Protein shakes can also be included in a weight loss regime among people suffering from HIV (AIDS).

Types of Meal Replacement Shakes

Whey Proteins Shakes: Whey is one of two main dairy proteins and accounts for about 20% of the protein in milk. Whey is one of the main sources of BCAAs, which include the three amino acids leucine, isoleucine and valine. These ingredients have been shown to be essential for muscle growth, and also for getting energy during workouts. Whey protein also contains biologically active protein microfractions which deliver antioxidant benefits, enhance immune function and improve muscle recovery and growth.

Creatine protein Shakes: People in the bodybuilding/strength training world like trainers and athletes should go for creatine shakes.

Soy protein shakes: This is the vegetarian protein and has all of the needed amino acids in reasonably decent amounts.

Egg Protein shakes: We all know eggs are the best source of protein. They are laden with EAAs and the protein quality is matchless.

In a nutshell, get rid of all those high calorie drinks from your diet and include whey protein shakes for a healthy and fit physique.