10 Interesting Facts about Star Constellations

Think you know the constellations? Think again!

You may already know that the 88 constellations we use today were only established in 1922 by the International Astronomical Union, but what you may not know is that some of these constellations have histories dating back to 3000 BC and even earlier. In fact, some cave paintings in Europe that date back about 10,000 years clearly depicts patterns of stars that are recognizable even today. Here are some more facts about the constellations that you may find interesting, astonishing, or worth knowing.

Most constellations are very old

Although the Greek astronomer Ptolemy is credited with cataloguing 48 constellations early in the 2nd century, many of these constellations were “borrowed” from depictions of complete constellations scratched into stone and clay tablets by the ancient Babylonians about 3 000 years ago. Available archaeological evidence suggests that the Babylonians created their constellations in a relatively short period, from about 1 300 BC to around 1 000 BC.

Most constellations consist of unrelated stars

While 87 of the 88 constellations consist of stars that are physically unrelated, Ursa Major is a notable exception to this rule. Most of the stars in this constellation belong to the Ursa Major Moving Group, a relatively large group of stars that share a common origin, velocity, and motion across the sky.

There are actually 89 constellations

While most sources state that there are 88 constellations, there are in fact 89, because Serpens is split into two distinct parts- Serpens Caput (the head of the snake), and Serpens Cauda (the snake’s tail) to the west and east of Ophiuchus respectively.

There are 13 zodiacal constellations

Although only 12 zodiacal constellations are recognized, the constellation Ophiuchus, which according to some sources should be the 13th, also lies partially on the ecliptic, but the Sun spends only 13 days crossing it. This is significantly longer than the Sun spends in some other astrological signs, but to get out of this conundrum, some astrologers claim that astrology is not based on twelve astrological signs or constellations, but the four seasons instead. Thus, 12 signs divided by 4 seasons gives a neat answer, and no pesky 13th sign to account for.

Ophiuchus is a violent constellation

Image credit: NRAO/AUI and Yurii Pidopryhora, NRAO & Ohio University

The image above shows the combined effects of about 100 supernova explosions on the gas and dust within the constellation. This bubble of gas blown high above the plane of the Milky Way galaxy is one of the largest known but being about 30 million years old, its walls are now starting to collapse, causing the vast amount of dust in the bubble to fall back into the Milky Way galaxy. Note that this image is greatly enhanced with false color to make the structure visible in optical light.

Some “constellations” consist of dust clouds

The Great Rift is a series of gas and dust clouds within the Milky Way that is best seen from the southern hemisphere, and which form the basis of “constellations” to some cultures. For instance, some Aboriginal peoples from Australia see an emu in the shape of parts of the Great Rift. Look at the image below and see if you would have recognized an emu if it were not for the line drawing.

Image credit: Museum of Victoria, Scienceworks

The Sun does not belong to any constellation

Because the 88 constellations are contiguous and therefore cover the entire celestial sphere, every visible object in the Universe can be placed within a constellation, with the exception of the Sun, which has not been assigned a “home” constellation.

The constellations live in families

The 88 modern constellations are divided into 8 distinct families, with each family sharing some common characteristic such as proximity to each other in the sky, shared historical origin, or mythological theme. Below are the families and the constellations that belong to them.

  1. The Ursa Major Family
    Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Draco, Canes Venatici, Boötes, Coma Berenices, Camelopardalis, Lynx, Leo Minor, Corona Borealis.
  2. The Zodiac
    Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Capricornus, Aquarius, Pisces, Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer.
  3. The Perseus Family
    Perseus, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Andromeda, Pegasus, Cetus, Auriga, Lacerta, Triangulum.
  4. The Hercules Family
    Hercules, Sagitta, Aquila, Lyra, Cygnus, Vulpecula, Hydra, Sextans, Crater, Corvus, Ophiuchus, Serpens, Scutum, Centaurus, Lupus, Corona Australis, Ara, Triangulum Australe, Crux.
  5. The Orion Family
    Orion, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Monoceros, Lepus.
  6. The Heavenly Waters
    Delphinus, Equuleus, Eridanus, Pisces Austrinus, Carina, Puppis, Vela, Pyxis, Columba.
  7. The Bayer Group (Constellations named by Johann Bayer)
    Hydrus, Dorado, Volans, Apus, Pavo, Grus, Phoenix, Tucana, Indus, Chamaeleon, Musca.
  8. The Lacaille Family (Constellations named by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille)
    Norma, Circinus, Telescopium, Microscopium, Sculptor, Fornax, Caelum, Horologium, Octans, Mensa Reticulum, Pictor Antlia.

The constellations are not fixed

Since all stars possess proper motion, meaning that they move across the sky as seen from earth, the shapes of the constellations are constantly changing, albeit very slowly. In one case in 1992, the constellation Aquila lost the star Rho Aquilae as it moved across the border from its own constellation into the neighbouring constellation Delphinus.

Sagittarius contains the centre of the Milky Way Galaxy

In 1954, investigators from Australia used a purpose-built radio telescope to search for the exact centre of the galaxy. Their investigations turned up an extremely energetic point radio source in the constellation Sagittarius (later dubbed Sagittarius A) which upon closer examination turned out to be the rotational centre of the galaxy.

Nowadays, you can observe a large part of the constellations by using an over-the-counter telescope or even a good pair of binoculars. So if you fancy taking a look at the constellations above yourself, whether you’re a season stargazing pro or a novice telescope user, there’s always something to see and find up there!

Understanding the Aspects of an Arboricultural Consultancy & Its Purpose

When Saving a Tree is More Important Than a Development

Trees are a crucial part of our environment. They are known for the oxygen they provide – but also the protection against diverse weather and climate conditions. Arboriculture is a word related to the cultivation of trees and shrubs. In other words, this is a study of individual trees, shrubs, vines and other perennial woody plants and measures how these plants grow and respond to cultural practices and their environment in the very end.

Arboriculture has been a growing industry and one of the many environment-related industries that includes consultancy. Speaking of, there are many arboricultural consultants primarily working towards protecting the trees and ensuring a better future for us.

Image credit: Askham Bryan College

Tree Surveys & Reports

Nowadays, every manager of land which includes trees has a duty of care to ensure that these trees remain in a safe condition and discharge that duty inspections should be carried out at the appropriate intervals. Such surveys may range, but the information that is recorded can be used to create a database and monitor the tree safety, providing an invaluable management tool.

Trees & The Environment

When it comes to trees and the care for them as a part of our environment, the protection of trees under threat comes at first place. The tree-related environmental impact studies are also a growing trend – but the bottom line is that protection of trees on or near development sites should always be a practice. Apart from the intrinsic beauty of trees and the great contribution they make to the landscape, they can significantly benefit our physical environment. Therefore, veteran trees should be not listed out of the environment and their presence should be continued in the landscape.

Trees & Their Development

The development of trees is another aspect behind the study of arboriculture. There are pre and post-site layout tree surveys which are a standard in the UK nowadays. Through those surveys, the management and protection of trees on development sites is advised – and their involvement in cases of subsidence and heave or other structural problems is investigated.

Trees & The Law

Finally, there are tree preservation orders and trees found within conservation areas. Assistance can be provided whenever any tree related matters become the subject of such formal procedures or litigation. Cases like these may range from advising on technical details through to representing clients or providing a full expert witness service to the Courts that deal with the matter.

From all the arboricultural aspects mentioned above, we can conclude that advice and direction are more than needed in order to satisfy all the arboricultural management and planning objectives. After all, this is the entire point of arboricultural consultancy. Some of the aspects (disciplines) in this practice include tree surveys, management plans, mortgage reports, tree risk management etc. The bottom line is that every advice, report and management plan can be tailored to meet the particular requirements.

What to Expect When Hiring an Office Fit Out Firm

Bring practical design into your commercial space

When it comes to interior décor, many people wrongly think that it is something that should only be done in houses. However interior design goes beyond residences, as there are also business establishments and offices that need to be properly decorated and nicely laid out. This is where an office fit out firm comes into play with office interior design.

As reputable interior design company will specialise mainly in office décor and fittings. Most established firms will have a team of designers who are highly qualified in this field and have plenty of expertise from various types of corporate clients who availed of these office interior services. The first step is to carry out a thorough consultation with the client where the designer will be better able to assess particular interior design tastes, as well as any specific needs and preferences. The budget is another factor you should naturally discuss to avoid disappointment!

Plan, design & implement!

Once this consultation is finalized, the interior design team will then start planning the overall office design. The key is to make the best use of the space available, so as to improve efficiency and effectiveness in this place of work. The office interiors team will place this factor at the forefront of each and every decision because ultimately the interior décor does not only have to be aesthetically pleasing but also functional.

Based on this, the designers will then proceed to other factors which will have to be taken into account such as the design of the furniture that will be placed in the office, the color of the walls, the flooring, and of course, the layout.

Let the project manager take the strain

Office interior service providers offer customized interior design packages for all kinds of offices, and so regardless of the size of your premises, they should be able to see to it in a personalized manner. They should have service level agreements with many companies that offer products and services required for office interiors at discounted rates. So will see that your office is properly equipped with ergonomic furniture, accessories, window treatments, flooring and anything else you may have wished for. A certified team of contractors should take care of all the installations as well as ensure that everything is carried out to industry standards from start to finish.

The team will take care of all the scheduling, contracts and logistical coordination so that finally the project will be completed in a way that satisfies your original requests and the estimated completion date.

So if your commercial space is looking tired or lacks inspiration, let an office fit out team tun your office into a professional looking and functional one. They’ll see to every aspect of your office interior so as to strike just the right balance between inviting surroundings and a practical setting that encourages your employees to feel at home even though they are away from home. With such a feeling, your staff will be performing more efficiently and this will result in higher turnover for your business.

Which Kent SEO firm is right of you?

Deciding which search marketer is the best fit for your business

Every type of business that is online needs a relative level of search engine exposure. Whether small or large, each organisation will have differing aspirations in terms of the scale, type and reach they require to maintain a level of success.

A small local business for example has no need to be found on global searches when all that’s required is a solid level of local search prominence through authority citations and high quality directories. Large companies on the other hand, need a far wider footprint and thus, demand a strategy that encompasses a wide range of marketing channels to ensure brand awareness and product offering is at the forefront of searches around the globe. Possibly in multiple languages too.

Unsurprisingly, budgetary requirements between these two sizes of business will be hugely polarised so the type of SEO agency they can approach for help will also differ accordingly. A smaller, local business in the county of Kent for example, would be extremely unwise to get delusions of grandeur and approach a large international advertising agency; not unless they have desires to empty the coffers fast and go broke!

It’s horses for courses as the expression says so if you have a local need, then speak to a localised specialist. Kent is packed full of search marketing agencies yet their approach and statuses differ quite dramatically from town to town. Some agencies boast of large corporate clientele that is great for their egos, but if you run a small humble business, you do not need to be paying the higher rates that the big boys are used to. You can get just as good results with a Kent SEO Firm that specialises in local and national search for small enterprises and offers an affordable solution to a very common problem. Getting found on Google’s local searches!

Believe it or not, but specialist search engine optimisation firms for small business is becoming ever popular. It’s a common misconception in the internet industry that the big pay days can only be found if you acquire larger clients. But is that really true?

The lifeblood of the UK economy is in small business, not big business and the stats back that up. An agency that focuses on just a handful of larger international blue chips is taking a much greater risk in the sense that the majority of their turnoff is sourced from just a few income streams. Nothing worse than having all your eggs in one basket!

A SEO agency that has a wide ranging clientele of SME’s and local businesses will have multiple income streams and also have a far greater level of experience in working with differing type of businesses all across multiple industry sectors. With that in mind, they would appear to be a far more stable business that is less likely to be there one day and disappear the next because they’re looking after so many clients, they’re a far safer bet financially.

So if you run a small business in Kent, it’s not bad to think small in terms of your marketing partner. Sometimes self-importance can influence us as business people to make strange decisions that are not based on pragmatic, practical thinking but is in fact, just puerile ego massaging to satisfy our unrealistic ambitions, rather than thinking which firm will deliver the best results for me at this exact moment in time. Don’t get sucked into that way of thinking.

If you run a business that needs local exposure, it’s perfectly acceptable to think locally in finding an internet marketing partner. Big is not always necessarily better so head out to some meetings, get to know some search marketers in your town or city and start supporting local business. It’s win-win all round.

The Rapid Shift Of Content – Viewed From A Digital Design Agency

Today, digital design is not the same to what it was a decade back. As the concept of the design shifted, the profile and portfolio of a typical modern digital design agency in Kent has been changed – fortunately, for the better.

Nowadays, the content we put on our sites is significantly more important than we all may understand. With advanced algorithms, SEO tools and many other filters, every business have to adopt a digital agency in Kent – kind of style in order to make their content ranked as best for a particular keyword.

Basically, content is everything – and you need to ensure that you use it to make a site that is educational, engaging and valuable to your visitors.

Representing both truth and prosperity, the content meant for your site must be according to the latest digital design rules for Kent – obviously, if this city is your local SEO target. But apart from SEO, what are the key things that your content needs to give, besides truth and prosperity? Just as every big digital design agency in Kent would consult you, your content needs to be:

  • SEO-accommodating. Ensure that you utilise keyword phrases that web users are actively searching for and get them on your site to rank it better in the search indexes. Simply recall to take after principles for watchword use and thickness with the goal that you don’t try too hard. It’s ideal to have a catchphrase about on more than one occasion for each 100 words than to stuff it in as much as you can.
  • Brief. Individuals are searching for quick, bite-sized data. On the off chance that your content is not to-the-point and simple to digest, your visitor audience isn’t going to stick around long. Ensure that you get the realities out, express what is on your mind, and be finished with it.
  • Informative. Individuals need to realize what you bring to the table or why they are at your site. Furnish them with the greater part of the actualities and data that they have to think about your business. Allow them to find out about your business, what you do, and how it can advantage them. This is the thing that individuals need to know.
  • In case you’re not equipped for delivering straightforward, spotless, connecting with content all alone, you ought to contract somebody to take every necessary step. You content needs to stand out enough to be noticed and give them motivation to put resources into your business, regardless of what you are offering.
  • The exact opposite thing that individuals need online is to visit a site where they have an inclination that they’re being talked down to. Along these lines, you need to ensure that your content is benevolent and basic, not excessively expert and ‘superior to anything thou’ in its tone and style.

Content is king in the web world, just as long as it is great content! That is why your site is not going to have the capacity to succeed without it. Just as any digital agency in Canterbury will consult you at a certain price, we have shared the principles of what defines stellar content by todays benchmarks.

Watch Sky TV in Portugal: Adventures on Your Wide Screen TV

There would be times that you are left with no choice, but stay at home and just watch the TV whole day because the weather is lousy, you’ve nothing else to do and you are not in the mood to go outside and have fun. Actually, you can still have all the fun you wanted as you scan through the channels in your Sky TV subscription and browse online, still viewing everything on your widescreen.

Yes, it is now possible that aside from your Sky TV subscription, you can watch online streaming of your favorite movies and live sporting events with the purchase of the highly rated and award-winning Blade IPTV set top box. This can actually be used as an alternative to expensive satellite receiving equipment, and at the same time use it to connect to your broadband internet.

This Blade IPTV set top box can offer you more great deals like being used as a media player, too. Therefore, with your external memory drive, you can connect it to your device and your television to watch everything on the big screen.

With more features the Blade IPTV set top box can give to all buyers, many people in Portugal have already purchased their own and are now enjoying all the benefits. It has a PVR feature that can make it possible to save your favorite TV shows and replay it when you can afford already to spend your time just watching TV. This feature is suitable for the busy individuals who always miss watching the episodes of their favorite TV shows.

For men and even women who are sports enthusiasts, live sporting events can be viewed at your most convenient time also. You may also do online streaming, given that you have the fastest Internet connection.

During long holiday seasons, it would be very boring if you can’t think of anything to do in your house with your family, but if you watch Sky TV in Portugal, with the Blade IPTV set top box, then your boring world, would surely be filled with so much adventure and entertainment. As you click your remote, you are also taking yourself anywhere else. As you also use the web to connect, then you are also making an exciting tour in the virtual world. The good thing is that you can take your family and friends with you in this awesome TV experience.

With this entertainment package, there will never be dull moments because you can travel to different places, enjoy the outdoor experience, taste different cuisines from different countries all over the world, listen to online radio stations, even if you are just sitting on your couch watching TV. Get your Blade IPTV set top box now to add more fun to your television experience. Kill the boredom and watch Sky TV in Portugal.

Probate Solicitors Kent: A Simple Guide

Simply put, the probate refers to the first step to prove the validity of a will and start to administer the estate of the deceased person. So the will and probate are inter-related. Usually, the executor applies to the court for letting him or her do the biding of testator, and furnishes the will to the court. This procedure is legally referred to as “grant of representation”.

Since people can change their will many times, it is the duty of the court to ensure that the will being presented to it for issuing a probate is indeed the last will of the person, and that no other will or codicil was executed after this will. Some people execute the will, but others do not know whether it was executed and registered. The court takes into record the will and after authenticating it, lets the executors do as specified in the will.

Sometimes there is no will. Therefore, if the property is in the name of somebody who is deceased, how is it to be transferred or shared among the survivors? Luckily, there is a provision under the UK laws for such situations as well. An administrator can be selected by all family members, and he or she can apply to the court for doing the needful. At times the will is executed by the deceased but the name of the executor is not mentioned in it.

It may take anywhere between six months to nine months to obtain the probate. But it may even take longer depending upon how complex the will is, and the nature of the assets being distributed in it. If the assets are of high value, then it will take longer to obtain that probate.

There are asset classes of the deceased for which Probate Solicitors Kent are not necessary. Usually, these are joint accounts. In such cases, the surviving account holder can furnish the deceased’s death certificate, and the banks or other institutions as the case may be.

Solicitors can play a crucial role in obtaining that probate. They know the procedure and are able to fill in forms promptly and properly, effectively moving the work faster. Solicitors in Kent would know where to file the application for grant of representation, which an ordinary person may take a long time to find out, and even if he or she could, the sequential process such as finding out if there is any other will over riding the one they hold, needs to be followed perfectly for faster results.

IPTV Box UK: Watch Interactive British TV Channels

Today, IPTV has certainly changed the way of TV viewing all over the world. Do you remember those days when you had a limited number of channels to watch and that you were never able to watch your favorite TV channels that were broadcasted abroad? IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) has enabled users to get interactive with TV viewing and get away from the traditional way of television viewing.

Today, in this modern age of technology, things are changing fast and more people are now enjoying TV on the go on their mobile phones and tablets. This is thanks to the IPTV that has brought TV closer to the viewers through synchronization of broadband and satellite communication services.

Basically IPTV works over your broadband network through a set-top box. One can easily connect the IPTV set top box with the high bandwidth broadband connection and immediately start watching all international television channels. It depends on the individual how much he or she wants to pay to subscribe for an array of international channels from UK, US, Australia, and Asia. One only needs to have a good internet connection, and an IPTV set top box and just start watching all his favorite TV shows anywhere.

What is the EPG feature in IPTV?

EPG is one of the latest additions in the broad list of features of the IPTV Box UK. The Electronic Program Guide, which is commonly referred as the EPG, is an integrated channel feature that enables users to browse, view and select the content of their choice on-the-fly. Just like users browse a website, they can browse EPG with an easy navigation system. Viewers will be able to watch the past two week programme schedules and the upcoming week’s programme schedules. Not only this, they can even view the upcoming TV shows in advance and watch the past TV shows that they might have missed watching.

All this has been made possible with the interactive feature on EPG. This feature also allows the user to customize the EPG with his or her own preferences. They can set their favorite content and select keywords for watching their favorite content, which means when searching for any programme they don’t need to spend ages looking around the EPG menu. In fact they can directly switch to their favorite shows.

These users can interact with EPG through the use of the MAG 250 infrared remote control, which comes shipped as standard along with the box. They can use the EPG feature to listen to their favorite music anytime or to hear their favorite radio station.

Office Cleaners London: Everything You Need To Know

How choosing a London Property Maintenance Professional Matters

Whether you lease or own your property, when you burn through thirty percent or a greater amount of your income on a place to live, you need it to be hassle and trouble free! By paying attention to basic home maintenance matters just twice per year, you’ll have the capacity to avert troublesome issues for yourself (and your tenants, on the off chance that you have one.)

Advantages of Property Maintenance

Considering a professional Office Cleaners London company always results with a set of benefits for you, your home or work environment and family:

  • Maintains and clean & healthy environment
  • Keeps your family more secure
  • Tackles issues when they are smaller and less expensive to deal with
  • Stays away from preventable issues by and large
  • Enhances your home or office’s appearance
  • Keeps up your home or office’s market value
  • Keeps your way of life from being disturbed by surprising framework disappointments

As an inhabitant, you can keep your landowner educated about the property’s condition. In return, you’ll not just win their positive attitude, you can keep away from badly arranged issues. No one needs a higher electric bill on the grounds that your windows, cavity walls or ceilings are inadequately insulated, or to sit tight for several days waiting for a maintenance team to show up in light of the fact that the air conditioning and cooling system has stopped working.

Whether you hire a company to simply clean your premises once a week or to oversee a complete day-to-day maintenance routine, ensure you do all necessary due diligence to check their credentials, past client feedback, online ratings, cost comparisons and insurance policies are all in place.

Also ensure they have all the necessary credentials and are a BICSc certified cleaning business. It is also advantageous if they are members of the British Cleaning Council as well as CLENSA Approved.

Watch BBC iPlayer Abroad: Access your favorite UK shows anywhere

The BBC iPlayer has come up like a divine help to all the people who were not able to watch UK TV shows abroad. There are many people all over the world searching for an answer to the question – ‘How to watch UK shows abroad?’ Now, the answer to this question is very simple. You can watch all your UK based shows with BBC iPlayer.

BBC iPlayer is a virtual network that connects an end user i.e. the viewer to the server that provides seamless connectivity to the users despite of their geographical location.

Now, most of you might be thinking why you cannot watch UK shows outside the UK? For your information all the British broadcasters are bound with an agreement of not sharing the content with the other international broadcasters. This agreement is abided with the license fee paid by the British broadcasters to the broadcasting association.

In essence, a VPN is simply like digging a hole in a tunnel. VPN allows users to connect with the UK servers through a closed and very trusted network channel without violating this agreement. All the time you are watching the UK shows abroad through a trusted VPN, like BBC iPlayer you are following the law.

VPN is allowed to stream many UK bound websites from different locations, keeping in mind the requirements of the businessmen and employees traveling outside the UK for work. This allows them to access various websites for business which they cannot use outside the UK for various security reasons. BBC iPlayer is one of those official websites that allows live UK streaming outside the UK.

By downloading the iPlayer app on your mobile phone or by visiting their website, you can immediately start accessing UK shows. However, before accessing the content you need to sign up first. To have a subscription you would need to pay the annual subscription fee. If you think access to watch BBC iPlayer abroad is too expensive, than you may also look for other cheap VPNs other than the iPlayer.

However, whether you select iPlayer or any other VPN, first of all check their broadcasting and streaming bandwidths. Most of the VPNs do not support live video streaming from their accounts. That means you many watch other programmes, but you might need to give up your favorite shows because of the video streaming restrictions.

Keeping in mind the following facts, select your VPN provider smartly and enjoy watching UK shows abroad.